Electronic ticketing in the airline industry was devised in about 1994. Joel R. Goheen is recognized as the inventor of electronic ticketing in the airline industry. See Patents for Electronic Ticketing Inventions in the Airline Industry.
E-ticketing has largely replaced the older multi-layered paper ticketing systems, and since 1 June 2008, it has been mandatory for IATA members. Where paper tickets are still available, some airlines charge a fee for issuing paper tickets.
When a reservation is confirmed, the airline keeps a record of the booking in its computer reservations system. Customers can print out or are provided with a copy of their e-ticket itinerary receipt which contains the record locator or reservation number and the e-ticket number. It is possible to print multiple copies of an e-ticket itinerary receipt.
Besides providing itinerary details, an e-ticket itinerary receipt also contains:
An official ticket number (including the airline’s 3-digit ticketing code, a 4-digit form number, a 6-digit serial number, and sometimes a check digit).
Carriage terms and conditions, (or at least a reference to them)
Fare and tax details, including fare calculation details and some additional data such as tour codes. The exact cost might not be stated, but a “fare basis” code will always identify the fare used.
A short summary of fare restrictions, usually specifying only whether change or refund are permitted but not the penalties to which they are subject.
Form of payment.
The passenger’s name.
The issuing airline.
A ticket number, including the airline’s 3 digit code at the start of the number.
The cities the ticket is valid for travel between.
Flight that the ticket is valid for. (Unless the ticket is “open”)
Baggage allowance. (Not always visible on a printout but recorded electronically for the airline)
Fare. (Not always visible on a printout but recorded electronically for the airline)
Taxes. (Not always visible on a printout but recorded electronically for the airline)
The “Fare Basis”, an alpha or alpha-numeric code that identifies the fare.
Restrictions on changes and refunds. (Not always shown in detail, but referred to).
Dates that the ticket is valid for.
“Form of payment”, i.e., details of how the ticket was paid for, which will in turn affect how it would be refunded.
The Rate of Exchange used to calculate any international parts of the fare and tax.
A “Fare Construction” or “Linear” showing the breakdown of the total fare.
An airline ticket is a document, issued by an airline or a travel agency, to confirm that an individual has purchased a seat on a flight on an aircraft. This document is then used to obtain a boarding pass, at the airport. Then with the boarding pass and the attached ticket, the passenger is allowed to board the aircraft.
There are two sorts of airline tickets – the older style with coupons now referred to as a paper ticket, and the now more common electronic ticket usually referred to as an e-ticket.
travel is a form of travel in vehicles such as airplanes, helicopters, hot air balloons, blimps, gliders, hang gliding, parachuting, or anything else that can sustain flight. Use of air travel has greatly increased in recent decades – worldwide it doubled between the mid-1980s and the year 2000.
Air travel can be separated into two general classifications: national/domestic and international flights. Flights from one point to another within the same country are called domestic flights. Flights from a point in one country to a point within a different country are known as international flights.
Travel class on an airplane is usually split into a two, three or four class model sevens. US Domestic flights usually have two classes: Economy Class and a Domestic First Class partitioned into cabins. International flights may have up to four classes: Economy Class; Premium Economy; Business Class or Club Class; and First Class.
Most air travel starts and ends at a commercial airport. The typical procedure is check-in; border control; airport security baggage and passenger check before entering the gate; boarding; flying; and pick-up of luggage and – limited to international flights – another border control at the host country’s border.
During flight, the aircraft cabin pressure is usually maintained at the equivalent of 6,000–8,000 ft (1,829–2,438 m) above sea level. Most healthy travelers will not notice any effects. However, for travelers with cardiopulmonary diseases (especially those who normally require supplemental oxygen), cerebrovascular disease, anemia, or sickle cell disease, conditions in an aircraft can exacerbate underlying medical conditions. Aircraft cabin air is typically dry, usually 10%–20% humidity, which can cause dryness of the mucous membranes of the eyes and airways.